Overview Of The President’s FY 2020 Budget Request

2019-05-02T11:34:39+00:00 April 1, 2019|
(Credit: White House Photo by Keegan Barber)

(Credit: White House Photo by Keegan Barber)

From: Ocean News Weekly/ By: Ocean Leadership Staff 

Background

President’s Trump’s budget request for fiscal year (FY) 2020 is similar to the administration’s past two budget requests, proposing steep cuts or elimination for many defense and nondefense science programs. A Budget for a Better America also reflects the end of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018, a two-year deal that raised spending caps and allowed Congress to give federal agencies larger budgets in FY 2018 and FY 2019 without triggering sequestration, or across-the-board spending cuts. If Congress does not decide to raise spending caps for discretionary agencies in FY 2020, overall defense spending will need to be cut by 11 percent and overall nondefense spending will need to be cut by nine percent to align spending with limits set by the Budget Control Act of 2011.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

March 27, 2019: House Committee on Appropriations – Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Hearing: “The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Budget Request for FY 2020.”

The president’s request highlights the role of satellites in weather predictions, suggesting $1.2 billion to support their development, as well as proposed funding to study the role of commercial technology “to help support future satellite architectures, assure data continuity, and reduce lifecycle costs.” The budget also aims to speed up the federal permitting process, explaining that additional funding to help NOAA complete environmental reviews necessary under the Endangered Species and Marine Mammal Protection Acts would help the agency provide “more timely, consistent, and clear consultations and authorizations, resulting in faster reviews and a reduced backlog for permits, including those supporting energy, oil and gas, and transportation projects.” Conversely, the request recommends eliminating several “lower priority NOAA grant and education programs, including Sea Grant, Coastal Zone Management Grants, and the Pacific coastal Salmon Recovery Fund.”

Additionally, the budget proposes $4 million for Regional Ocean Data Portals and $5 million for the National Oceanographic Partnership Program but suggests decreasing funding (combined Operations, Research, and Facilities and Procurement, Acquisition, and Construction) for the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research and National Ocean Service by 41 percent and 36 percent, respectively. More program specifics will be available when agency justifications are released.

Total FY 2019: $5.4 billion
Proposed FY 2020: $4.5 billion
Percent change: -18%

OAR FY 2019: $566 million
OAR proposed FY 2020: $335 million
Percent change: -41%

NOS FY 2019: $585 million
NOS proposed FY 2020: $372 million
Percent change: -37%

NMFS FY 2019: $974 million
NMFS proposed FY 2020: $812 million
Percent change: -17%

National Science Foundation (NSF)

March 26, 2019: House Committee on Appropriations – Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Hearing: “National Science Foundation’s Budget Request for FY 2020.”

The proposed $7.1 billion for the National Science Foundation (NSF) would represent a 12 percent cut compared to FY 2019, with large decreases to the geosciences, as well as Antarctic and Arctic research. The budget shows support for NSF’s 10 Big Ideas and would support approximately 8,000 new research grants (an estimated 9,000 were funded in 2018). The proposal recommends cutting funding for mid-scale research infrastructure to $223 million. One of the projects this funds is Regional Class Research Vessels; FY 2019 was the final year in a three-year funding profile, which resulted in sufficient funds to complete construction of all three vessels.

Total FY 2019: $8 billion
Proposed FY 2020: $7 billion
Percent change: -12%

Research and Related Activities FY 2019: $6.5 billion
Research and Related Activities proposed FY 2020: $5.7 billion
Percent change: -13%

Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction FY 2019: $296 million
Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction proposed FY 2020: $223 million
Percent change: -25%

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

March 27, 2019: House Committee on Appropriations– Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Hearing: “NASA’s Budget Request for FY2020.”

As with the last two years, the proposed budget prioritizes space exploration over Earth science and reduces funding for NASA Earth Science. This would include the cancellation of two Earth science missions, including the Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud ocean Ecosystem (PACE) Mission, which will help advance ocean health by measuring phytoplankton and the elimination of the Office of STEM Engagement (formerly the Office of Education).

NASA Science Mission Directorate FY 2019: $6.9 billion
NASA Science Mission Directorate proposed FY 2020: $6.3 billion
Percent change: -9%

NASA Earth Science FY 2019: $1.9 billion
NASA Earth Science proposed FY 2020: $1.8 billion
Percent Change: -8%

U.S. Navy

March 26, 2019: House Armed Services Committee – Subcommittee on Seapower and Projection Forces Hearing: ” Department of the Navy FY 2020 Budget Request for Seapower and Projection Forces.”

U.S. Coast Guard

March 26, 2019: House Committee on Appropriations – Subcommittee on Homeland Security Hearing: “FY 2020 Budget Hearing – United States Coast Guard.”

March 28, 2019: Senate Committee on Appropriations – Subcommittee on Homeland Security Hearing: “Review of the FY2020 budget request for the Coast Guard.”

Total FY 2019: $10.3 billion
Proposed FY 2020: $9.3 billion
Percent change: -9%

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