Scientists Pinpoint How Ocean Acidification Weakens Coral Skeletons

2018-02-01T15:05:53+00:00 February 1, 2018|

(Credit: Hannah Barkley, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution) The rising acidity of the oceans threatens coral reefs by making it harder for corals to build their skeletons. A new study identifies the details of how ocean acidification affects coral skeletons, allowing scientists to predict more precisely where corals will be more vulnerable. (From [...]

Sea Butterflies Repair Shell Damage From Ocean Acidification

2018-01-31T15:26:52+00:00 January 30, 2018|

(Credit: British Antarctic Survey) A new study of tiny marine snails called sea butterflies shows the great lengths these animals go to repair damage caused by ocean acidification. The paper, led by researchers at British Antarctic Survey, is published this month in the journal Nature Communications. (From Phys.org) --The ocean absorbs around one [...]

2017 Was The Hottest Year Yet In The World’s Ocean

2018-01-29T17:19:52+00:00 January 29, 2018|

(Credit: Mario Tama, Getty) Oceans aren't likely to cool any time soon, a new study finds. In fact, 2017 was the warmest year on record in the ocean, according to researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences. (From National Geographic/ By Sarah Gibbens) -- Their findings indicate a "long-term warming trend driven by human [...]

How Scientists Use Bioluminescent Deep-Sea Creatures To Fight Cancer

2018-01-25T10:55:40+00:00 January 25, 2018|

(Credit: E/V Nautilus) Determining whether new immunotherapies are successfully fighting cancer cells can be difficult and expensive. Creatures from the depths of the ocean might be able to change that. (From Oceans Deeply/ By Matthew O. Berger) -- Those were the findings of a recent research project, and they underscore what a number of scientists [...]

New Eocene Fossil Data Suggest Climate Models May Underestimate Future Polar Warming

2018-01-24T10:05:33+00:00 January 24, 2018|

(Credit: Laura Cotton) A new international analysis of marine fossils shows that warming of the polar oceans during the Eocene, a greenhouse period that provides a glimpse of Earth's potential future climate, was greater than previously thought. (From Science Daily) -- By studying the chemical composition of fossilized foraminifera, tiny single-celled animals that [...]

Changes for Defense’s Science Enterprise

2018-01-22T14:32:45+00:00 January 22, 2018|

What It Was The Senate Committee on Armed Services held a nomination hearing on four presidential appointed positions, including the Honorable Michael D. Griffin to be under secretary of defense for research and engineering at the Department of Defense (DOD). All four nominations passed out of committee. Why It Matters It is critical to [...]

99% of These Sea Turtles Are Turning Female—Here’s Why

2018-01-16T10:16:02+00:00 January 16, 2018|

The turtle wranglers landed on Ingram Island thinking about sex and heat. Pacific green sea turtles spend years cruising this northern Australia feeding ground, fattening up on sea grasses before heading to nesting areas to mate and lay eggs. (From National Geographic/ By Craig Welch) -- The scientists simply wanted to know: which of these reptiles were male [...]

Member Highlight: New Study Identifies Thermometer For Global Ocean

2018-01-08T15:47:05+00:00 January 5, 2018|

(Credit: Jay Johnson/ IDDO) There's a new way to measure the average temperature of the ocean thanks to researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego. In an article published in the Jan. 4, 2018, issue of the journal Nature, geoscientist Jeff Severinghaus and colleagues at Scripps Oceanography [...]

Low Ocean Oxygen Levels Causing Large-Scale Death Of Marine Life

2018-01-05T17:25:27+00:00 January 5, 2018|

(Credit: Arcadio Castillo/ Smithsonian) New research has found that in the past 50 years, the amount of ocean areas with zero oxygen has gone up more than fourfold. Low-oxygen sites, as they are called, are regions where water has lost its usual oxygen levels. In coastal water bodies, low-oxygen sites have increased 10-fold [...]

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