Member Highlight: Research In The Arctic: Discovering Changes In The Ecosystem

2018-01-02T13:51:54+00:00 October 16, 2017|
Dan and Alex helping students Igor, Aleksey and Genevieve with the benthic species. (Credit: Alicia Flores)

(Click to enlarge) Dan and Alex helping students Igor, Aleksey and Genevieve with the benthic species. (Credit: Alicia Flores)

Arctic research has been ongoing for several decades, yet there is still a clear need for additional studies to better understand the processes driving the Arctic marine ecosystem as a whole—even more so as Arctic sea ice continues to retreat at an increasing rate. Changes in sea ice timing, presence, extent, or thickness will have profound influences on coastal communities, marine mammals, seabirds, fishes, plankton, and oceanography.

(From NPRB.org) — The North Pacific Research Board’s (NPRB) Arctic Program is the newest integrated ecosystem research program (IERP) to date. The Arctic Integrated Ecosystem Research Program (IERP) will invest approximately $16 million in studying marine processes in the northern Bering and Chukchi Seas in 2017-2021, beginning in the summer of 2017. The program is sponsored by NPRB, Collaborative Alaskan Arctic Studies Program (formerly the North Slope Borough/Shell Baseline Studies Program), Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), and the Office of Naval Research Marine Mammals and Biology Program. Generous in-kind support has been contributed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the University of Alaska Fairbanks. This coordinated program was developed in cooperation with the Interagency Arctic Research Policy Committee Chukchi and Beaufort Sea Ecosystem Collaboration Team and the U.S. Arctic Research Commission.

WHO IS PARTICIPATING IN THE SCIENCE?

The program will integrate observations collected during spring, summer, and fall in 2017, 2018, and 2019 to better understand how reduced Arctic sea ice and associated environmental changes influence the flow of energy through the marine ecosystem from plankton to fish, seabirds, marine mammals, and humans. Late spring and early summer sampling will occur in 2017 and 2018 aboard the R/V Sikuliaq. Late summer and early fall sampling will occur in 2017 and 2019; a research vessel for this portion of the program has not been determined.

Social science will be conducted by a team that includes Principal Investigators (PIs) from the North Slope and Northwest Arctic Boroughs and the Bering Strait region. This project will develop meaningful interaction with Alaska Native communities to explore changing patterns of access to subsistence resources and food security.

Ever wonder what it is like to conduct research at sea? Scientists from undergraduates to PIs are participating in the cruise and documenting their experiences. Follow their stories at sea on their blog: https://blog.arctic.nprb.org/blog/