Fifty Years Of Data From A ‘Living’ Oxygen Minimum Lab Could Help Predict The Oceans’ Future

2017-11-08T09:40:02+00:00 November 8, 2017|
These icebergs are easily visible in the fjord from an area just outside of Ilulissat. They calved from Jakobshavn Isbrae (aka Ilulissat Glacier) earlier in the season, from the calving front which peaks at speeds of nearly 17 km/yr in mid summer. (Credit: Ian Joughin, University of Washington)

(Click to enlarge) These icebergs are easily visible in the fjord. (Credit: Ian Joughin, University of Washington)

Canadian and US Department of Energy researchers have released 50 years’ worth of data chronicling the deoxygenating cycles of a fjord off Canada’s west coast, and detailing the response of the microbial communities inhabiting the fjord.

(From Science Daily) — The mass of data, collected in two new Nature family papers, could help scientists better predict the impact of human activities and ocean deoxygenation on marine environments. Currently, oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) constitute up to 7 percent of global ocean volume. Continued expansion of OMZs in the northeastern subarctic Pacific has the potential to transport oxygen-depleted waters into coastal regions, adversely affecting nutrient cycles and fisheries productivity.

“We live on an ocean-dominated planet, and the ocean’s cellular life is in turn dominated by microbial communities that form interaction networks which are both resilient and responsive to environmental perturbation,” said University of British Columbia microbiologist Steven Hallam.

“These microbial networks drive nutrient and energy conversion processes responsible for essential ecosystem functions and services.”

The research is novel in the size and scope of sampling as well as the volume of data collected, according to study co-author Angela Norbeck, scientist at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, a Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL).

“This research can help to predict the changes in the ecosystem when surface waters are warmed, the effects of coastline development on an enclosed water basin, and provide insight regarding carbon cycling and adaptation mechanisms of marine organisms.”

Read the full story here: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/11/171102110027.htm?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+sciencedaily%2Fearth_climate%2Foceanography+%28Oceanography+News+–+ScienceDaily%29