A fossil found by an elk hunter in Montana nearly seven years ago has led to the discovery of a new species of prehistoric sea creature that lived about 70 million years ago in the inland sea that flowed east of the Rocky Mountains. The new species of elasmosaur is detailed in an article published Thursday in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. Most elasmosaurs, a type of marine reptile, had necks that could stretch 18 feet, but the fossil discovered in the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge is distinct for its much shorter neck — about 7½ feet.
For hundreds of years, biologists knew of the giant shipworm only from shell fragments and a handful of dead specimens. Those specimens, despite being preserved in museum jars, had gone to mush. Still, the shipworm’s scattered remains made an outsize impression on biologists. Its three-foot-long tubular shells — the shipworm isn’t technically a worm but a bivalve — were so striking that Swedish taxonomist Carl Linnaeus included the animal in his book that introduced the scientific naming system “Systema Naturae.”
While the nation’s focus turns to science this week with the March for Science and Earth Day on Saturday, I’ll be spending it with the next generation of scientists and science-literate citizens at the 20th …
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Office for Coastal Management will hold public meetings to solicit comments for the performance evaluation of the Wells National Estuarine Research Reserve. The public meeting will be held on Tuesday, May 23, 2017, and written comments must be received on or before Friday, June 2, 2017.
The Atlantic Mackerel, Squid, and Butterfish Advisory Panel of the Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council (Council) will hold a public meeting on Monday, May 1, 2017, from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m.
The meeting will be held via …
Whales from both poles migrate long distances to breed in tropical waters. Smithsonian scientist Hector M. Guzman and Fernando Félix at the Salinas Whale Museum in Ecuador, tagged 47 humpbacks with satellite transmitters to understand how the humpbacks’ Southeastern Pacific population moves within breeding areas.
Fish that live near coral reefs play an important role in the ecosystem by eating algae on the reefs, which could otherwise kill the corals and dominate the reef. And understanding the eating habits of reef fish, which it turns out are heavily influenced by social interaction, could be critical in saving the fast-vanishing coral reefs. Mike Gil from the University of California, Davis, and Andrew Hein from Princeton University published a study Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, which said, “Coral reef fish base decisions to feed on algae or flee from predators on the density and actions of other fish in the landscape, inducing strong temporal correlations in foraging behavior. Using field experiments and a modeling framework, we show that these behavioral interactions can strongly affect the ecological function of reef fish, including the amount of algae fish consume, and the resulting rate at which fish move energy and materials through the reef ecosystem.”
Palgrave Communications, the humanities and social sciences journal published by Palgrave Macmillan, is currently inviting article proposals and full papers for the following special issues. Authors who would like to submit a paper should contact the editorial office with details of their intended submission at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Department of Commerce, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on proposed and/or continuing information collections, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. This proposed information collection is for national marine sanctuary nominations received pursuant to NOAA regulations that provide that the public may nominate special places of the marine environment through the sanctuary nomination process.
On Earth circa four billion years ago, life was hard. Frequent asteroid strikes turned parts of the planet into molten rock. Food and livable spaces were few and far between. What was a microbe to do to survive? Some very early life could have made it by staying deep—living as far as six miles below the seafloor.
A bucket of seawater contains more than meets the eye — it’s chock-full of fish DNA. Scientists are now putting that DNA to good use to track fish migration with a new technique that involves …