Scientists Triple The Number Of Known Viruses In The World’s Oceans
(Click to enlarge) “Ten years ago I would never have dreamed that we could establish such an extensive catalog of ocean organisms around the world,” Sullivan said in the OSU news brief (Credit: CameliaTWU/Flickr)
An international research team has tripled the number of known types of viruses living in waters worldwide, which they say could help scientists understand the role viruses play in nature and how they can “bolster efforts to curb greenhouse gasses.”
(From The Weather Channel / by Pam Wright)– The study, published in Nature on Sept. 21, was conducted by an international team of scientists led by Ohio State University from samples collected from the world’s oceans from scientists, including Melissa Duhaime, a biologist at the University of Michigan.
According to an OSU news brief, their work will likely have “far-reaching implications, including ultimately helping to preserve the environment through reducing excess carbon humans put into the atmosphere.”
As oceans soak up carbon, oceans become more acidic, which put some ocean-dwellers, including shellfish, at risk. The scientists say “understanding how microbes and viruses interact is critical to any possible management efforts.”
The Ohio State researchers used viral samples collected by more than 200 scientists on the three-year Tara Oceans Expeditionand data from the Spanish-led 2010 Malaspina expedition to identify and classify the viruses.
Lead author Simon Roux, a postdoctoral researcher in the lab of Matthew Sullivan, the study’s senior author and associate professor of microbiology at OSU, analyzed genetic information from those samples to catalog 15,222 genetically distinct viruses and group them into 867 clusters that share similar properties.
Read the full article here: https://weather.com/science/nature/news/scientists-viruses-ocean-greenhouse-gasses